Tomato Production Technology 1995. Crop windbreaks can aid in crop protection and enhance early growth and yield. and C.G. J. Biol. Tilman, A. and U. Eckhardt 2006. J. Strat. Cost and Return Structure for the Promising Enterprise of Off-Season Vegetables in Himachal Pradesh. The value of export intensity also indicated that FMP and or hydroponics production system has more global acceptance and has more potential of export in the agriculture sector. Data of four years from 2009-10 to 2012-13 was collected on different parameters of hydroponic farm in Pakistan namely Farmers Market Pvt. It is a daylength neutral plant. This is a list of countries by tomato production in 2016 and 2017, based on data from the Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database. 2004, 70(1): 52–59, ARC–Roodeplaat, Private Bag X293, Pretoria 0001, South Africa. 1996. FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin 151 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, 2004 ISBN 92-5-104991-2. during four-year period (2009-13). ResearchersLinks is a member of CrossRef, CrossMark, iThenticate. Resources: a): Abundant land (utilization of marginal land, out of 79.61 million ha. Customer value proposition is the preference of the product from its competitors in the market (Kotler, 2015). Finance Division, GoP. and S.S. Kadam. A shut down of electricity for 2-3 hours during peak summer season is enough for damaging the crop. Sample firm was Farmers Market Pvt. 636. The ratio indicates that the local market for hydroponics products of FMP was developing rapidly with an annual growth rate of 29%. Price variability in perishable commodities is the major problem in global market. Table 4: Pattern of Total Revenue Generation by 2 ha FMP Hydroponics Farm 2009-13. Per Acre. Rev. Foreign reserves will improve. During extreme weathers production affected adversely causing decrease in supply of product. Horizontal expansion in terms of area is limited but vertical expansion has greater scope as average yield of different crops is lower in Pakistan relative to the world average (Shahnaz et al., 2009). 2000. 593—612. Global variability in fruit and vegetable consumption Am J. Prev. Pakistan produced 0.566 million tons … 2007. Citation | Malik, A.M., K.M. Population of the country is rising. 1 Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Data on various production and economic variables was collected from FMP during 2009 to 2013. Production of Greenhouse Tomatoes-Florida Greenhouse Vegetable Production Handbook, Vol. Facebook. Costs in hydroponics production system: Cost of production of off season vegetables vary from crop to crop. Hussain, J., A.L. Consumption of hydroponics products depends mainly on income, preferences of consumer and market prices (Rual, 2005) (Figure 3). www.elsevier.comrlocaterorms, Hussain, S.I., K.M. Rev. While per capita consumption of vegetable in Turkey and Brazil were 242 kg per annum. Potato production in Pakistan. Braun, J.V. After introduction, next section describes hydroponics technology in the globe and Pakistan so that reader can understand the technology easily. Average yield of cherry tomato was recorded as 47±7 (SD) ton per hectare. Pilot models of onion cultivation for adaptation to drought and salinity. Ai is the total area allocated to each crop. The BCR was found positive at 1.07 and 1.44 for with and without casual labor respectively. Government of Pakistan 2013. Science, Religion and Culture Better yield can be obtained by improving management practices. Washington, D.C. Poppel, V.G., D.T. and Ondernemersboek. Keeping in view the importance of vegetable in the national economy, study in hand has been planned with the objective to analyse performance of hydroponics sector in vegetable productivity and assessing its cost and benefits under local conditions in Pakistan. The data set was comprised of monthly and yearly data starting from 2009 till 2013. Customer value proposition of FMP products. Ranking of Pakistani Scientists by Pakistan Council for Science & Technology. Yield, seasonality and export orientation in hydroponics. Furthermore, a simple local made hydroponic structure with efficient cooling system (Pad-wall System) and local heating system can be prepared with a cost of Rs. The historical trend of cultivated area shows limited scope of horizontal expansion. J. Sci. Carruthers, 2002. The ratio of local sale to export would guide us the development process of local market of FMP products in the country. This video contains Production Technology of Tomato Cultivation, The Process from plantation to harvesting are discussed step by step with the recommendations of … Imran, M. and J. Niazi. Schnepf, R. 2010. Laghari and M.M. The components of fixed cost of a hydroponics firm are the cost incurred on land, building, green house machinery, monitoring computer and related equipment, electrical and mechanical equipment, furniture fixture, vehicles and other related materials. Cultivated area of Pakistan is only 22.2 m.ha. Select Journal Now a day’s majority of the items were available at cheaper price in domestic. Well drained light soils are good for early crop whereas heavy yields are obtained when grown in silt loam or clay loam. 2004. Horticultural Commodity Chains: the impact of UK market on the African fresh vegetable industry, IDS working paper 96. Rising population and stagnancy both in yield of vegetables and cultivated area of the country, are negatively affecting food supply in Pakistan. Total area of the facility was 20,000 sq. Notes and Comments PIDE. 1999. The ratio of local sale to export would guide us the development process of local market of FMP products in the country. In 2004-05, the area increased to 41.4 thousand hectares, production 426.2 thousand tons and yield was 10.3 tons / ha. National Food Secur. Output data include production data of each crop and sale record of different crops. Back ground paper submitted for joint FAO/ WHO conference 1-3 September 2004 Workshop on Fruits and vegetables for Health, Kobe, Japan. Ltd. 2001. Naqvi. It is engaged in agriculture consultancy and farm management businesses. 40(4): 871–884. Water use efficiency and economics of tomato using drip irrigation under netthouse conditions. 20 million per hectare. Tomato is cultivated in different zones of Pakistan round the year and it is available to consumers round the year in every market (Chohan and Ahmad, 2008). 2.1 Global Tomato Production The world production of tomato experienced a steady and continuous growth in the last decades of the twentieth century. Occupational health and safety administration, United State Department of Labor. Frequency or intervals between windbreaks is dictated by distance between tomato rows, spray or harvest alleyway intervals, land availability and equipment characteristics. Food Chem. Vol.29 No.1, 2016, pp:68-75. Hussain, F. Khan and Z.K. (Presently the trained manpower of this project has been engaged by KSA; c): Rainfall water stored in small dams is best for hydroponics production; d): Few inputs are abundantly available in the country like Apsom Salt; e): Sea port is one day travel from Potohar region of Pakistan where the technology is tested; f): Technology testing in other regions with favourable temperature; g): Major salt used in hydroponics is Calcium Nitrate which can be produced locally. Agribusiness Pakistan is a Pakistan based Agriculture Consultancy Online Portal in Pakistan. By Instead of Rs. At FMP, this gestation period for tomato on vine was observed to be three months, for cherry tomato two and a half month and for bell pepper three and a half month. Instt. 2008. system with independent Board of Directors and management staff. The world food situation: New driving forces and required actions. FMP is the only commercial hydroponic entity in Pakistan. Tomato production technology A Lecture By Mr Allah Dad Khan Visiting Professor the University of Agriculture Peshawar Pakistan Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Since 2000-01 to 2009-10, the area under tomato crop has increased from 27.9 to Table 7: Variable Cost structure with their respective share in total variable cost (TVC). as compared to 10 ton per ha in open field as reported by GoP, 2013. With advances in weed and disease control technology, this type of production may become more feasible in the future. market of Pakistan; b): The structure of machinery and equipment was western based, where cold weather is dominant feature, resulting in requirement of efficient heating system. Therefore, we will let you know the economics of 1 acre regular tomato cultivation. Int. Manual for the preparation and sale of fruits and vegetables From field to market, by Andrés F. López Camelo, Ph.D. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce Balcarce, Argentina. There has been a progressive increase in area and production of tomato in Pakistan. Kurttila, M., M. Pesonen, J. Kangas and M. Kajanus. The opportunity cost of labour was calculated by taking average labor cost on the basis of four years of hydroponic operation. Variable inputs include labor, energy (WAPDA electricity bills, diesel for generators during load shedding hours and Liquefied Petroleum Gas LPG used during 2009-10), input supplies (chemicals, growing supplies, Rockwool, coco peat slabs, etc. 245million for two ha green houses. FMP was producing tomato on vine, bell pepper and cherry tomato under hydroponics system. Supply of hydroponics products provides solution to the problem of decade old stagnancy in yield of the vegetables especially tomato to cater the increasing demand due to gigantic population increase. Minist. Infrastructure and Growth. Pakistan’s Agricultural Development since Independence: Intertemporal Trends and Explanations. Export intensity is the common measure of export performance of a firm or country (Reis and Forte, 2014). in SWOTanalysis - a hybrid method and its application to a forest-certification caseq Forest Policy and Economics 1 _2000. World food prospects: Critical issues for the early Twenty First Century. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00376-4, http://www.thenational.ae/news/uae-news/uae-weather-temperature-soars-to-near-record-level, http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/y4893e/y4893e00.htm#Contents, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.01.029, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-6301(96)00095-7, https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2001.1215.1216, www.pide.org.pk/pdf/PDR/1969/Volume4/426-441.pdf, http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/f%26v_africa_economics.pdf, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/focussdgs.html, http://esa.un.org/wpp/Excel-Data/population.html, https://www.osha.gov/pls/imis/sic_manual.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Net_farm_income, In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Medicinal Plant Extracts, Influence of Plant Growth Regulators by Foliar Application on Vegetative and Floral physiognomies of Gladiolus, Fiber Quality Studies with Respect to Different Cotton Insect Pests using Multivariate Analysis, Evaluation of Advanced Mung Bean Germplasm against Cercospora Leaf Spot and its In-vitro Management by Different Fungicides, Lulu Hypermarket, Shahzad Zafar Trading Est., Saudi Hypermarkets, Delmonte, Grand Castle Trading Establishment, Unifruti Middle East, Pan Fresh International, The Fresh Corner, Amer Super Fresh, Spital Field Market London, Electricity, LPG, diesel for backup Genset, Chemicals for recipe and growing supplies, Sales Promotion, exhibition, logistics and transportation. Terminal market provides assembling and selling points for producers and wholesalers and retailers (FAO, 2004). Mr. Allah Dad Khan. Pricing mechanism of hydroponics products in local and export market. Hussain, Z., and Akram, W. 2008. Four years monthly data of hydroponic firm (FMP) has been analyzed to understand the seasonality in sale revenue of the firm. This technology can increase productivity of vegetables in the country and revolutionize the horticultural sector. Issue 63: March/April –2002, Story Title: Hydroponics as an agric. 50:4 p355–364 (2011). Sample firm was Farmers Market Pvt. Brassica vegetables and cancer prevention. Habib, H.S., A.M. Malik, A. Ali and M.A. Soils: It grows well in all kinds of soil. Pakistan. Cancer. In niche markets, this product has no close substitute resulting in fetching high price above the cost of production. Production Technology of Tomato Under Protective Horticulture. 0.3% Ranked 35th. Adoption of modern technology is the only option for Pakistan to increase productivity of vegetables especially tomato. 41.8 m/2 ha in 2011-12 (Table 8). 2009 May;36(5): 402-409.e5. 1997. Punjab University Journal of Zoology Rising food prices, what should be done? Inter-Cooperation, a Swiss NGO, technically supported the project from the beginning. Res. FMP was producing high quality products on international standards. 2004. PROVINCE WISE AVERAGE YIELD OF TOMATO FROM 1980-81 TO 2017-18 (Average Yield 40 Kg. Export markets for hydroponics products of Pakistan. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Production technology of maize July 1, 2019 July 1, ... Maize is a popular kharif fodder in Pakistan and finds much use as fodder for livestock and poultry. The company developed its own system of inputs purchase and inventory management, crop production, sale of crop and its marketing and export. 1988. This study has been designed to analyze the hydroponics production system and productivity improvement option in Pakistan and its future prospects. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2008 with an increase of X% year-to-year. Int. 125–135. The production facility of the company was located at Rawat, Islamabad and partly in Kalyam Awan, Gujar Khan tehsil of Rawalpindi on both sides of GT Road joining Rawalpindi to Lahore. Energy Sources ( Production of biodiesel from jatropha) A Series of Prese... 47. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Due to limitation of resources especially energy resources, effect of weather was also observed on production. Pakistan is among the low vegetable consumption prevalence countries where vegetable consumption prevalence was estimated as 99.2% in men and 99.3% in women (Hall et al., 2009). Socio-economics determinants of rural household food expenditure in Rawalpindi, Pakistan J. Agric. UN SDG. 0. US department of labor classify food crops grown under cover as 0182 sub-head of major Agriculture production as 01 (USDL, 2014). 2(2). FMP. Tomato production processing and technology, 9. Secondary data required for analyzing different parameters was also collected from different sources like Economic Survey of Pakistan, Agriculture statistics various editions, Pakistan Federal Bureau of Statistics and FAOSTAT etc. All the clients (100%) demanded CNF prices of CIF prices. Total tomato production was over 154 million tons in 2009 and 174 million tons in 2015. 36: 4 Part II (Winter 1997) pp. By up-scaling the green houses, all these potential clients demand can be tapped. Food and Agriculture Organization Statistics (FAOSTAT). Cultivation in Aggregate Hydroponics - A Case Study from Coimbatore Region of Tamil Nadu, India. Factors contributed in development of local market were introduction of new products, price stabilization policy in one big market of Rawalpindi /Islamabad, flexible prices on low grade product, price negotiations with chain stores, massive marketing campaign through exhibitions and seminars and opening new markets and customers. Med. By sea transportation is possible through refrigerated containers; g):Water purification cost through reverse osmosis can be eliminated and water can be saved by installing the units on most of the small dams in Potohar and other suitable regions depending upon EC and pH of rain water; h): Commercial import of salts can reduce unit cost (CPEC opportunity); i): Improvement in health of the consumers through diseased and pesticide free products. 0.812 million annual depreciation (Table 9). Cost of production of tomato is higher than other off-season crops (Bala et al., 2011). Pinterest. 2016. The same volume of local sale doubled in 2012-13 i.e., Rs.1.29 million. Crop production data collected for, this study started from July 2009. The Pakistan Council for Science and Technology has published a national ranking of the best scientists in the country; Nobel Prize. The yield of tomato is stagnant over last five decades. In hydroponics average yield of tomato was obtained 161.8± 06.6 tones /ha in Pakistan as compared to field tomato average production of 10.07±0.4 ton /ha. Hydroponics as an agricultural production system. Nutr. The major limiting factors in marketing were observed as scale of production and shortage of supply. Production technology Climate: Day neutral plant,grow best in warm season because frost cause demage.Crop grows well Under optimum temperature of 21C-23C. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Net_farm_income. Monthly Sale behavior of FMP was shown in Figure 2. Jensen, M. H. 1999. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Netshiluvhi, E.V.D. 1. The analysis was based on Bontji Model (Bontji, 1988) which includes Market of output and input, Capital/ financial requirements of the project, Production process and its further consideration, ultimate consumers of the product and their behavior and lastly the environment and environmental factors. The products were certified on ISO-9001:2008, ISO 22000: 2010 and Global GAP standards. Khokhar, T. Mahmood, M.H. Authors are thankful to Farmers Market Pvt. Pakistan Agriculture Research Council . Yield, seasonality and export orientation. Bell pepper and cherry tomato prices were remain fixed during whole year due to poor competition in the market. Strengths: a): Hydroponics can be characterized as high productivity production system as compared to open field (tomato production achieved was 168 ton per ha. By. of Labor 2014. This was successful policy and provides revenue during these days/ months. Ltd was also collected from 2009 to 2013. ). Productivity and wages are relatively low in agriculture sector as compared to manufacturing sector in the country and elasticity of employment in agriculture sector has drastically declined during last two decades (Irfan, 2008). The higher cost of FMP on land was due to the use of machinery and equipment excessive to the optimally required magnitude. per annum (Table 7). 78(1): 63-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00376-4. Ghaffar, C.M. Food Secur. This calls for the increase in productivity through optimal and efficient use of available technologies (Bravo-Ureta and Pinheiro, 1997). Table 5: Export intensity of FMP 2009-13. Myles. This study has been designed to analyze the hydroponics production system and productivity improvement option in Pakistan and its future prospects. However, irrigation should be done on the basis of plant requirements. UN Sustainable Development Goal 2 End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture” and 2.2, 2.3, 2a and 2b mainly focused on improving productive capacity and stressed to double agricultural productivity by 2030 in developing countries (UN SDG, 2016). Bader S., 2006. were also analyzed. ): YEAR: Punjab: Sindh: Khyber Pakhtoonkhaw: Balochistan: PAKISTAN: 1980-81: 128.15 Trade and Payments. During sixties, Pakistan experienced multiple increases in yield of different crops as onset of green revolution in the country. Declining trend of export intensity was firstly due to increasing acceptance of FMP products in the local markets and gradual development of taste in the country as envisaged from increasing trend of local sales of hydroponics products (Table 5). Economies of scale and more specialization in the technology through indigenization can further reduce the operational cost and may result in doubling the BCR. Instt. Vegetables are an important component of human diet all over the world, thus their supply needs to be regulated for better health of the community. maintenance of tomato product quality. Persistent food insecurity from policy failures in Pakistan. Pakistan’s wage structure during 1990/91-2006/07. Energy Sources ( Jatropha cultivation) A Series of Presentation to Class ... No public clipboards found for this slide. Univ. Prices in UAE market face more global competition as compared to other destination due to volume of the market. Ltd. (FMP). Methodology of the paper is given after description of hydroponics technology which is followed by results and discussion and conclusion. Abiotic and Biotic Stress Journal (Absjournal) GoP. US Farm Income, Congressional Res. Measurement of yield of hydroponics production system: Yield of each crop was obtained by dividing production of crop in specific area divided by area in which said crop is sown (Equation 1). Improved Production Technology in Tomato crop Primary tabs. http://faostat3.fao.org/download/Q/QC/E. Tomato is a vegetable crop of significant economic value in Pakistan. National Food Secur. Middle East (ME) and Europe is the potential markets for hydroponics products of Pakistan. United Nation department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, Population Estimates and Projection Section. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4439697. FAO. Dolan, C., J. Hamphery and H.P. Hill, T. and R. Westbrook. Major destination of FMP products was UAE, Qatar, KSA and Bahrain. Monthly bulletin of FBS August 2014. This technology may be tested near routes of CPEC for provision of fresh food in difficult areas of Baluchistan and Makran coasts as specific crops calamities easily in these areas with the help of hydroponics technology ultimately reducing cost of production and investment. 1961. Energy Sources ( Jatropha oil as bio -diesel ) A Series of Presentation t... 46. WhatsApp . Enhanced competition in the export market might be the other factor contributing to the decreasing trend of export sales. Vegetables are the main item of diet in Pakistan and almost every household use some vegetable every day as food because they are cheaper source of energy (Alertor et al., 2002; Hussain et al., 2009). and capital intensive. Conventional methods failed to increase productivity in the past. ISSN 1010-1365. http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/y4893e/y4893e00.htm#Contents. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. All rights Reserved. only 22 is cultivated); b): Skilled and unskilled labor supply for local and international market. Daily data was then organized on monthly basis. were also analyzed. Depart. Pinstrup, P.A., R.P. Joseph, A. and Mathuchamy 2014. Khan 2015. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The data include quantity of product sold to each client and prices of each product. Hydroponic Tomato Production and Productivity Improvement in Pakistan, Arshad Mahmood Malik1, Khalid Mahmood Mughal2, Sarfraz Ahmed Mian2 and Atta Ullah Khan2. Tomato production technology A Lecture By Mr Allah Dad Khan Visiting Professor the University of Agriculture Peshawar Pakistan. (Salunkhe and Kadam, 1995). Hydroponics as an Agricultural Production System. Dev. Instt. FMP was involved in selling its products in local and export market. Greenhouse cultivation of vegetables offers distinct advantages of quality, productivity and favorable market prices to the growers. 2001. The expenditure on food was mainly determined by socio-economic factors in Pakistan (Habib et al., 2015). Vegetables can play very important role in combating hunger and malnutrition (Rensburg et al., 2004). Major export products include Tomato on vine and Cherry tomato. ), marketing cost (expenditure incurred on transportation of product, freight for product export, advertising and exhibition etc. 1Department of Economics and Agricultural Economics, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan; 2Department of Economics, Preston University, Kohat, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan. Patil. 2020 Vision Food Policy Report. Hosts and Viruses Irfan, M. 2008. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. In India, according to Indiastat, are under Tomato cultivation is 814000 ha during 2018 – 19 and the production is 20515000 MT (metric tons). If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Twitter. Mgmt. Hassall and Associates Pvt. Sci. In research experiments, maximum yield of tomato was obtained 41.45 ton/ha in Pakistan (Hussain et al., 2001). In that year, approximately 182 million metric tons of tomatoes were produced worldwide. Average yield of hydroponic tomatoes was found to be 161.8±6.6 ton per hectare as against 10.07±0.4 in open field. This graph shows the global vegetable production in 2018, broken down by type. Supply of hydroponics products provides solution to the problem of decade old stagnancy in yield of the vegetables especially tomato to cater the increasing demand due to gigantic population increase. Minist. Harper and J.W. Shares in this product's production. In Sindh illiteracy rate is high and most of the farmers are illiterate. Hydroponics is a capital intensive modern technology and is tested in Pakistan by a company known as Farmers Market Pvt. This rationalization decreased capital cost to Rs. Vegetable growers can substantially increase their income by greenhouse cultivation of vegetables in off season as the vegetables produced in the normal season generally do … Yield of hydroponic tomatoes was measured in hectares. Ltd. 2001). Table 1: Area allocation under hydroponics production for different crops at FMP. The company was unique in its nature in South Asia in hydroponic sector. The per capita per annum consumption of vegetables as per FAOSTAT Food Balance Sheet database was 26.34, 88.71, 46.24, 28.97, 114.09 and 27.34 kg in Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Nepal and Bangladesh respectively. Worldwide development in hydroponic production: Hydroponics is a process of growing plants in water, word hydroponics is differently defined in various dictionaries like in oxford dictionary, “The process of growing plants in sand, gravel, or liquid, with added nutrients but without soil”. Salunkhe, D.K. Present world production is about 100 million tons fresh fruit from 3.7 million ha. The average yield of India, Asia and World was 19.47± 0.83, 34.28±0.27 and 33.37±0.57 respectively during period under study. Computer and related items were required for controlling daily operations of the glass houses and maintenance of comfortable system for crop for avoiding human error. During initial year the minimum value touches zero as all crop ends. To share on other social networks, click on P-share. Lorch and M.W. 0.1% Ranked 35th. Experimenting with Hydroponics, College of Education, State University of New York, Brockport 448, Published by: Univ. Yam cultivated in Pakistan provides around 110 calories per 100 grams of product . Veterinary Sciences: Research and Reviews, What would like to do? The harvested area increased at an average annual rate of +X% over the period from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with only minor fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. This yield stagnancy is forcing Pakistan to import tomato of worth Rs. Almost 50 percent of the production was missed, resulting in a gap between supply and demand countrywide. Study is based on primary data collected by the researcher. Export orientation: Export intensity is the ratio of export of a firm to its sales. Role of indigenous leafy vegetables in combating hunger and malnutrition, S. Afr. Measurement of yield of hydroponics production system: Seasonality in production and sales of hydroponics: In hydroponics production system, cost of production is higher even from off season vegetables production system due to its industrialized nature and need equipment and machinery for running every operation and further automation of the system. Average yield obtained in hydroponics in Pakistan is 168 tons per hectare as compared to national average of ten tons per hectare. He assured that importers have decided to import tomatoes from Iran. FMP was selling its high-quality products in the local niche markets along with exporting major share of production to international destination. ), administrative cost, cost on capital goods purchased during the year and miscellaneous expenses. Major export products include Tomato on vine and Cherry tomato. So, ratio of (1.0: 0.1) is required between production area and machinery equipment. The basic investment on green houses and other machinery and equipment’s used to run the system was Rs. The data was maintained on daily basis and appropriate registers were maintained. Syrocki, B.J. SWOT analysis can be used in relation to some other models for improving its efficiency in decision making (Kurtilla et al., 2000). Doe-het-zelf methode voor Doorlichten en plannen maken in kleine en middelgrote ondernemingen, CED Samson, Brussel. Proceedings of Pakistan Congress of Zoology In Adv. External Market Conditions, Competitiveness, Diversification and Pakistan’s Export Performance. 2002. Cost of production of FMP hydroponics production system can be divided into two major categories: Fixed Cost and Variable cost. Hydroponic technology has been tested in Pakistan and the technology has been proved to be successful in increasing productivity. Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Quaid-e-Azam University Campus, Islamabad, Pakistan Dec 2008 report. The freight from Pakistan to Middle Eastern countries revolves around 1US$. Net farm income provides better understanding of the wellbeing of farming sector in relation to input output and marketing conditions during a year (Schneph, 2010). Table 8: Production and Revenue Generation of different vegetables at FMP (2009-13). Aptamers and Synthetic Antibodies PBS-22(08/2014) vol.62/100, Statistical division, Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, GoP. Teach. Unsubscribe. Labor and energy cost can further be decreased by improving efficiency of the system through indigenization. Afterward mixed trend was observed in Pakistan’s agriculture (Ghaffar and Mustafa, 1997). mimeno Università Bocconi. Area distribution under each crop during specific year was given in Table 1, which indicates the weightage (demand) of the crop. For producer, FoB prices were more preferable. These markets are buyer driven and retailers play key role (Dolan, 1996). Rosegrant. In hydroponics production system, cost of production is higher even from off season vegetables production system due to its industrialized nature and need equipment and machinery for running every operation and further automation of the system. Prod. This increasing population needs more food supply for existence. They also provide important biochemical and nutrients like carotene, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, iron, calcium etc. Journal of Virological Sciences Analysis suggests that this technology can improve the yield of tomato in the country and solve the demand and supply gap of Pakistan besides helping in export promotion and import substitution. Benefit cost ratio was studied and other measures of performance like export intensity, local penetration ratio etc. This cost was still on higher side as everything used in erection of these green houses were imported from Holland, ultimately increasing the extra cost burden on the project. A farmer having own land can save this cost in terms of capital cost. 2010, Annual Audit Report 2010-11, Farmers Market Pvt. Agriculture and food security policy of Pakistan aims at creating modern, efficient and diversified agricultural sector, with more innovation and technology-based agriculture (Ministry of National Food Security and Research, 2012). UF/IFAS Extension. Land cost is just 10% of the total cost (Table 6). Patterns and Determinant of fruits and vegetables consumption in Sub Saharan Africa. Maximum yield of cherry tomato recorded was 57±26 t/ha. Khan, M.I. April 2013. FMP used this technology to produce high quality vegetables to cover the niche market of Middle East and the sub-continent. Technol. Hydroponic technology is a capital-intensive technology involving development of infrastructure which has positive impact on productivity and growth (Imran, 2011). Traditional farming ( difference between traditional and conventional far... 50. It supports farmer in understanding return from labor, management and capital (Wikipedia, 2015). This poses a constraint to the increase in supply of food in the country. Productivity and export intensity to high-income and low-income countries. 3, HS788, series of the Hortic. Calif. Press on behalf of the Nat. In Pakistan 50 million people are working in agriculture sector and producing 25 million tons of food grains (Hussain and Akram, 2008). Karnataka J. Agric. The fluctuations depict the crop production behavior. Ronde. You can change your ad preferences anytime. 0.63million during 2009-10. Mahmud 2001. Tomato export was negligible until 2000 from Pakistan and it has increased since 2007. UN, 2015. The pH should be 7-8. Pak. Largest tomato producing countries export their best quality tomatoes with high prices. At micro level, farmers income will increase multiple times and the horticulture sector become high tech. The company was actively involved in production, processing and marketing of its products both local and abroad. Tomato is an important vegetable in Pakistan which is used (GoP, 2014) from last many decades. A report for the Rural Industries Res. Middle East (ME) and Europe is the potential markets for hydroponics products of Pakistan. Rensburg, W.S., J. van, S.L. Dunage, V.S., P. Balakrishnan and M.G. Knowing internal strengths, external weaknesses, better opportunities and internal and external threats is important for better performance of a firm (Houban et. Proximate and nutrient analysis of selected medicinal plant species of Pakistan. Tomato harvested area in Pakistan amounted to X ha in 2018, going up by X% against the previous year. Government of Pakistan a 2014. The yield of tomato from last three to four decades is stagnant. The BCR was found positive at 1.07 and 1.44 for with and without casual labor respectively. The technology has many benefits for the farmers at micro level and for the country at macro level. Shinwari. Rising population and stagnancy both in yield of vegetables and cultivated area of the country, are negatively affecting food supply in Pakistan. Export intensity was calculated by dividing export sales of the firm by total sales of the firm in the specific period (Equation 2) following (Soloman, 2005). However, in recent years, the use agricultural technology is already high. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. 41-52. Bala, B., Sharma, N., & Sharma, R. K. 2011. The estimated total world production for tomatoes in 2017 was 182,301,395 metric tonnes, an increase of 1.6% from 179,508,401 tonnes in 2016. The Pakistan development review. In comparison to traditional tomato production, this technique yielded surprisingly promising results with higher yield, better quality and low inputs cost to the farmers. Khan. Cultivated area in Pakistan is also limited. even compromising 30% of winter production due to non-availability of natural gas); b): It provides best quality highly nutritious products for local and niche markets with sweet taste; c): Diversity in production of many kinds of local and exotic vegetables; d): Hydroponics products are safe for human being as they are free from all kind of pesticide spray; e): Local labor is now trained in hydroponics; f): Technology has been tested under local conditions; g): Pakistan can lead the SAARC region in hydroponics technology as the commercial unit of hydroponics vegetable production is only tested in Pakistan in the SAARC region. Gradually the local market developed and this ratio decline to 1:1.42 in 2012-13. Carla. Ltd. Service 7-5700. www.crs.gov R40152. During initial years the ratio of local sale to export was very high, i.e., during 2009-10, local sale to export ratio was 1: 4.88 (Table 3). Determinants of export intensity of a firm are labour productivity and size of firm (Reis and Forte, 2014). Dev. Reis, J. and Forte, R. 2014. The production of tomato in Sindh was 29,826 tonnes, while in Pakistan total production was 275,811 tonnes, and yield per hectare in Sindh was 5,084 kgs, while Pakistan yield per hectare was 10,752 kgs, which is very low as compared to developed countries where it can reach up to 120 tonnes/hectare. Pakistan Economic Survey 2013-14. Biol. Pakistan Journal of Zoology Average yield of hydroponic tomatoes was found to be 161.8±6.6 ton per hectare as against 10.07±0.4 in open field. By increasing share of local sale in export, this cost can also be decreased significantly. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 31(2): 133-144. 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