Pelargonium / ˌ p ɛ l ɑːr ˈ ɡ oʊ n i ə m / is a genus of flowering plants which includes about 280 species of perennials, succulents, and shrubs, commonly known as geraniums, pelargoniums, or storksbills. Their relative proportions impact the scent of the essential oil. The descriptions of the unique but different odour qualities found in the essential oil ‘bible’ by Arctander (1960) probably no longer apply to the modern produce. Different names were applied by different authors to the same plant, and identical names were applied by different authors to different plants. They were first commercially grown in fields at the foot of the Maritime Alps near Cannes (Knuth 1921). Geranium BIO (Pelargonium asperum) – Ätherisches Öl. 3:678 (1800) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia Name Status: Current Brief Description Helen Coleman, Monday 19 October 1998. Botanischer Name: pelargonium asperum Anbau: Kontrolliert biologischer Anbau Gewinnung: Wasserdampfdestillation … Bursera graveolens (Heiliges Holz) - Maienfels - Wasserdampfdestillation - Eigene Destillation aus dem Holz von Palo Santo Nun, wir wollen uns nicht selbst groß loben, aber hier dürfen Sie mal den Unterschied zwischen dem eingeführten Palo Santo-Öl und dem eigenen destillierten Palo Santo-Öl spüren. Willst du dich auf natürliche Weise gegen Zecken schützen? 1 listing under P. x asperum The geranium bourbon variety is similar to the scent of rose geranium but has a strong fruity, lychee-like aspect. (Miller, D, 2002). The area of Yunnan, Binchuan, Shiping and Yuxi Provinces are gradually being decreased in favour of other essential oil crops. According to the Prota(Plant Resources of Tropical Africa), the rose scented geraniums have been categorized as Pelargonium Rosat Group: Cultivar-group The Prota database also listed the two as synonyms for one another: Pelargonium graveolens L’Hér. Contention also exists over the exact botanical species that yields geranium essential oils. I am still a little unsure of what we are actually getting when we order Geranium or Rose Geranium. non Ehrh. Uses. SEE Pelargonium Finale for final synopsis. Whilst my Geranium Monograph was being reviewed two comments came in, one was easy to answer, the other question drove me to research and research and research some more. Les espèces sauvages sont des plantes herbacées, des arbrisseaux, ou des plantes à tubercules (géophytes), aux feuilles alternes et aux fleurs groupées en pseudo-ombelles, majoritairement originaires d'Afrique australe. This scent brings to mind the glamour goddesses of the 40's and 50's – Marilyn, Ava, Rita, Elizabeth, their combination of elegance, sensuality and femininity. Pelargonium comprises about 260 species, most originating from coastal South Africa from Namaqualand to Port Elizabeth. Nearly all cultivars of Pelargonium grown for their rose-scented essential oil, called geranium oil, arose in Europe from crossings between introductions from South Africa and are therefore of hybrid origin. ISO 4731 has set the concentration for citronellol content at a minimum 42 percent/maximum 55 per cent for Bourbon Geranium oil; 35/58 for Moroccan; 40/58 for Egyptian and 40/58 per cent for Chinese oils. (Arnoldia, 1974). Between 1787 and 1838 seven monographic works were published in an attempt to keep up with the bewildering hordes of seedling pelargoniums. Huile essentielle de géranium BIO (Pelargonium x asperum) Ladrôme laboratoire. In searching for the answer to this question, lets explore the history of Pelargonium species. GERANIUM ROSAT « Pelargonium asperum CV Egypte » Autres noms : Pelargonium odoratissimum, Pelargonium roseum, Pelargonium graveolens Originaire d’Afrique du Sud, le géranium rosat est cultivé dans le monde entier mais sa localisation détermine fortement sa composition biochimique. Small amounts, for own country consumption is produced in India, Morocco and Algeria. Rose geranium essential oil can be described as sweet, fresh, herbaceous, with green or minty nuances and a prominent, long lasting rosy-floral note. And even more interesting and perhaps a bit nerve wracking: Transgenic Geranium, Arnoldia, No authors given. Mischen Sie die verschiedenen Pflanzenöle miteinander und geben Sie das ätherische Öl hinzu. These European hybrids were subsequently returned to South Africa and brought to other parts of Africa and Reunion island by the French and also reaching India and North America. The names, derived from the three Greek words meaning crane, heron, and stork, refer to the resemblance of the seed case to the slender bills of these three birds. The soil conditions should … Aromatic Pelargoniums Arnoldia, 1974. Volume 34 Number 3 – May 1974.   arnoldia.arboretum.harvard.edu/pdf/…/1974-34-3-aromatic-pelargoniums. Here, essential oil production has scaled down dramatically in recent times and the bourbon chemotype rose geranium cultivar is more commonly sourced from Madagascar. This is a key component of the surprise and delight inherent in plant based aromas. Einloggen In his edition of Gerarde’s “Herbal…”, Thomas Johnson noted that Tradescant (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Tradescant_the_elder) had flowered “Geranium indicum nocte odoratum” the preceding year. To thank you for your patience, all orders will receive Una Nuova Era", (A New Era ) Solstice blend to assist in bringing in 2021. Rosengeranie, auch Geranium genannt, ist ein sehr ausgleichendes, stimmungserhellendes ätherisches Öl. Pelargonium cv. • Recover spilled material with pump or absorb onto an inert, absorbent substrate and sweep up. Please note Orders placed after Noon MST on the 23rd through January 5th will begin shipping on the 6th. Bei Analysen 1 und 9 gab es keine Angabe über den wissenschaftlichen Namen des untersuchten Rosengeranienöles. Geranienöl oder auch Rosengeranie genannt ist besonders gut für die Hautpflege geeignet. there are over 250 species. Pelargonium plants are comprised of a myriad of hybrids and cultivars. Im Pelargonium asperum essential oil Vergleich sollte der Vergleichssieger bei den Eigenschaften das Feld für sich entscheiden. The true species is quite rare in gardens but is represented by the cultivar ‘Attar of Roses’ with a more upright habit and rougher but strongly aromatic foliage and pinker flowers. (http://apps.kew.org/efloras/namedetail.do?flora=fz&taxon=1180&nameid=2874). They are bushy perennial shrubs possessing hairy, jagged leaves and clusters of small, pink striped flowers. (Arnoldia, 1974), It was 1820 when Sweet  published the first of his five volumes on the Geraniaceae family. HISTORY:  The family Geraniaceae contains three genera: Geranium, Erodium, and Pelargonium. ex Willd., Pelargonium graveolens auct. Low shrubland on foreshore. Geranium and rose geranium essential oil production now centres predominantly around Upper Egypt, the Yunnan province of China and to a lesser extent in the Western Cape and surrounding provinces of South Africa, Morocco and India. Straggling, shrubby perennial, herb, 0.1-1 m high. Rosengeranienöl - 0, 34 fl. FZ volume:2 part:1 (1963) Geraniaceae by T. Müller (Search other Kew databases for: Pelargonium asperum) Pelargonium graveolens L’Hérit. It was 1686 when ten pelargoniums species were found growing in the Botanic Garden at Leyden and from this time forward pelargoniums were to be important members of the European garden flora, having been transplanted from South Africa. The Pelargonium genus contains a vast array of flowering plants, many of them native to the countries on the southern tip of Africa. Propriétés cosmétiques démontrées par Sanoflore (in vivo) Anti-rides. Cultivar-group name proposed in PROSEA 19: Essential-oil plants (1999). The Pelargonium genus was first recorded in South Africa when the German botanist Paul Hermann collected a sample of Pelargonium cucullatum from Table mountain in South Africa in 1672. Protologue Cultivar-group name proposed in PROSEA 19: Essential-oil plants (1999). (Revue Horticole, 1893). (Lis-Balchin, 2002), According to Arnoldia, 1974: The first record of a pelargonium cultivation appeared in England in 1633. 22 listings under P. x asperum Expanding on Sweets work, de Candolle  in 1824, designed his classifications in sections rather then genera (as Sweet did). This crossed over to the island of Reunion in the Indian Ocean where rose geranium "bourbon" oil originated from a hybrid plant of P.capitatum and P.radens. Happy Holidays, friends!!! the resultant confusion still persists. Just which pelargoniums are now used, or have been used, for commercial oil production is conjectural, since most of the literature seems to have been produced by people not in a position to accurately identify the plants. Miller, D. (2002) The Taxonomy of Pelargonium species and cultivars, their origins and growth in the wild. The Pelargonium species related to the Geranium oil-producing cultivars are mainly located in the Cape area. Both genera belong to the family Geraniaceae. non Ehrh. Suchen Sie nach Geranium, pelargonium graveolens, pelargonium asperum, Zierpflanzen-Stockbildern in HD und Millionen weiteren lizenzfreien Stockfotos, Illustrationen und Vektorgrafiken in der Shutterstock-Kollektion. Commercial cultivation began in the early 19th Century in Grasse, France. It is certain that P. X asperum was the major crop in France before 1900. Our organically crafted Geranium Essential Oil is steam distilled from the tender green leaves and flowering tops of the Pelargonium x asperum (syn Pelargonium graveolens) plant.Geranium Essential Oil is stored in specialized glands throughout the green parts of this vigorous perennial which is released when crushed. Essential oils derived from geranium are from the Pelargonium species of the Geraniaceae family. Likewise, at least some plants grown as Pelargonium odoratissimum are probably hybrid seedlings of the species with Pelargonium exstipulatum and should be properly called Pelargonium X fragrans. Kokosöl und ätherische Öle gegen Zecken sind bewährte natürliche Mittel gegen Zeckenbisse. Bei direkter Anwendung auf eine Wunde, ist das ätherische Öl Wirksam, um Bluttungen zu stopen. Synonym: Pelargonium asperumEhrh. Produktqualität: 100% naturreines ätherisches Öl, kbA. According to the Prota (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa), the rose scented geraniums have been categorized as Pelargonium Rosat Group: Cultivar-group. CHF 14.20 MwSt 7.7% inbegriffen. 29 listings under P. asperum You can order the seeds for this from: http://www.horizonherbs.com/product.asp?specific=2688. The Pelargonium genus was first recorded in South Africa when t… pdf), http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantnop/pelargtrist.htm. In aromatherapy practice geranium essential oil finds applications in dermatological, musculoskeletal and nervous system conditions and in supporting the female cycle. • Dispose of materials used to absorb spill in accordance with regulations. Demarne, F. and van der Walt, J.J.A. Acta Bot. The crisp, floral bouquet of rose geranium and neroli intermingles with wood and citrus notes to create a scent with a cool, feminine energy. These species include: This species is found in many areas along the coasts of South Africa and is believed to have been amongst the earliest scented geraniums brought to England from Holland in 1690. This is carried out on hot, dry days as harvesting wet plants too soon after rain or on humid days leads to poor oil recovery during distillation. Fl. This hybrid is the most commonly used pelargonium in the perfume industry. London: Taylor and Francis. in Ait., Hort. Origin and geographic distribution London: Taylor and Francis. The exclusive use of rose-scented pelargoniums is probably due to the extreme popularity and expense of the rose extract from Damascus roses, for which rose geranium oil was a cheap and acceptable substitute. Protologue It is believed that Tradescant obtained his specimen of pelargonium from Cape Town, South Africa. Alle Pelargonium asperum essential oil im Blick. Rosengeranienöl ist für die Raumbeduftung ebenso wie für die Hautpflege sehr gut geeignet. Pelargonijų eterinis aliejus skystas, skaidrus, kartais būna gelsvokas, žalias arba rudai žalsvas. Composition chimique et activités antibactériennes, antifongiques et antioxydante de l’huile essentielle de Pelargonium asperum Ehrh. Botanischer Name: Pelargonium asperum Qualität: 100% reines Hydrolat Anbau: kontrolliert biologisch Produkthinweis: Ohne Zugabe von Alkohol oder Konservierungsstoffen Pflanzenteil: Blätter Herkunft: Frankreich Wichtigste Bestandteile: (INCI) Geranienhydrolat Verwendung. In the case of geraniums, the leaf shape, colour and fragrance were just as important as the flower itself in communicating a particular message. For other scents, the pelargonium counterpart was probably not outstandingly less expensive. Pelargonium × asperum Ehrhart ex Willdenow: INCI: PELARGONIUM GRAVEOLENS OIL: Herkunft: Ägypten, ECOCERT, kontrollierter biologischer Anbau: Pflanzenfamilie: Geraniaceae - Storchschnabelgewächse: Herstellung: Wasserdampfdestillation von Blättern und Stängeln: Duftbeschreibung: Rosig, fruchtig. 10 ml. And under section Peristera, subsection Reniformia is: This is an apple-scented geranium which is more low growing then the above Pelargonium species. radens. All material provided on this website is provided for informational or educational purposes only, and is not intended as a substitute for the advice provided by your healthcare professional or physician. It is an uncommon species that is native to the Cape and Northern Provinces of South Africa. Coastal sand dunes & limestone. This is the cultivar that is favoured in perfumery and is utilised in many masculine or unisex fragrances to give a greener or more herbal aspect to any rose notes in a fragrance. (His specimen was thought to be Pelargonium triste). Pelargonium asperum Pelargonium filicifolium Pelargonium 'Rober Lemon Rose' aufrecht wachsend aufrecht wachsend aufrecht wachsend aufrecht wachsend, balsamartig herb aufrecht wachsend: Duftblattpelargonien bevorzugen einen hellen, sonnigen Standort, vertragen aber auch Halbschatten. Some others cultivated, are P. capitatum, P. graveolens, and P. graveolens hybrids such as the rose scented Chinese and Algerian varieties. While researching this article I found two interesting Patents for Rose Geranium essential oil. The essential oil chemo-types produced by these countries are, however, not close to the preferred Bourbon type. In 1880 plantations were established on the French island of Reunion 500 miles east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean at altitudes between 400 and 1200 meters where sugar cane, vanilla and manioc could not be grown (Perrot 1915). Robust yields of around 700g of essential oil from around 250kg of fresh leaves are common. C'est un vrai casse-tête, car en plus, viennent se non Ehrh. Check deine Charakterdetails. PUBMED Off notes in newly distilled oils, possibly due to sulfur compounds, eventually disappear as the oil ages. (1989) Origin of the rose-scented Pelargonium grown on Les pélargoniums désignent dans la langue commune, les espèces du genre botanique Pelargonium de la famille des Geraniaceae. L’huile essentielle de Géranium rosat possède un parfum très floral, aux notes de rose plus ou moins prononcées. Family Geraniaceae Chromos… oz - Pelargonium asperum bei Amazon.de | Günstiger Preis | Kostenloser Versand ab 29€ für ausgewählte Artikel An zu dunklen Standorten wird der … Please note Orders placed after Noon MST on the 23rd through January 5th will begin shipping on the 6th. South Africa, this has proven to be noneconomical. This subgenus species includes the Section Pelargonium. Pelargonium x asperum is a cross between P. capitatum and P.radens and is a cultivar from which a bulk of commercial geranium essential oil is now obtained. non Ehrh. Lis-Balchin (2002) shares that the main source of the commercial oil is from a cultivar known as P. cv. Nowadays, there is no production of Geranium oil in Grasse, which simply acts as a market base for imported oil from all over the world and where some adjustments are made to the oil, demanded for its various uses. According to Lis-Balchin (2002), The International Organisation for Standardization or ISO, defines Geranium oil as ‘The oil obtained by steam distillation of the fresh or slightly withered herbaceous parts of Pelargonium graveolens L’Heritier ex Aiton, Pelargonium roseum Willdenow and other undefined hybrids which have given rise to differing ecotypes in the various geographical areas’ (International standard 4731: 1972). Holmes (1913) noted this as well, and proposed that others should be considered. By 1847 they were in regular cultivation both in Grasse, France and in several locations in the French Province of Algeria. Car des espèces de Géranium rosat, il y en a à la pelle : Pelargonium asperum, P. graveolens, P. roseum, P. odorantissimum et P. denticulatum. Sp.Pl. How to diffuse essential oil scents to set the mood for every room of your home, Home Scenting with Essential Oils for Winter, On the spice trail - Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) essential oil. According to Miller, the most recent classification, which is based upon molecular work and chromosome size, there is a Subgenus species called: Pelargonium. However the name P. x asperum is not mentioned in her writings. Pelargonium asperum A Beautiful rose scented geranium believed to be a cross between P. Capitatum & P. Radens, the leaves are used for essential oil and for aromatherapy & perfume. ‘rose’ giving the ‘Geranium oil, Bourbon’ from Reunion and also lately from China. ex Willd. The production of Pelargonium Rosat Group became important in Algeria, Morocco and Réunion, using plants from Grasse, but after increasing steadily for some time, production declined. Harvest time is determined by the presence of abundant new growth. Mehr Informationen. P. ovale, P. radens und P. graveolens bevorzugen Halbschatten. (Miller, D. 2002). The plant grows best in a warm temperate climate with plenty of sunshine for maximum oil development. The odor is given as characteristic of the origin, rose-like with a varying minty note.”. Other rose scented cultivars have been developed in Russia. pink & purple, Sep. White sand. The plant grows best in a warm temperate climate with plenty of sunshine for maximum oil development. • Wash area with soap and water. Geranium is also the botanical name and common name of a separate genus of related plants, also known as cranesbills. Is a species found wild in the northern part of South Africa, has white flowers and deeply divided, softly hairy, somewhat peppermint-rose scented leaves. Daker concluded that the majority of aromatic pelargoniums are derived from two species, Pelargonium crispum and Pelargonium graveolens. What other species or hybrids may be involved must wait until a taxonomist has an opportunity to study the plants. Anwendung als Therapie, Dosierung der Öle auf eigene Gefahr und Nutzung durch den Anwender. The stork-bill shape of the plant's seeds is reflected in the name Pelargonium (from the Greek pelargos or stork). Hybrid seedlings were grown under the same names as their maternal parents. Each flower or its arrangement in a posy would have a particular meaning and could suggest a spectrum of subtly different emotions. Origin and geographic distribution Pelargonium comprises about 260 species, most originating from coastal South Africa from Namaqualand to Port Elizabeth. Regardless, it appears that the Rose scented geranium has great interest and is considered to be the most desirable. Gallica, 158 (2), 225-237, 2011. Pelargonium asperum. Dazu gehören Pelargonium asperum, Pelargonium graveolens, Pelargonium roseum und Pelargonium odoratissimum. Die Duftpelargonie (Pelargonium asperum) ist mehrjährig, Familie Geraniaceae (Storchschnabelgewächse), Beettyp Kübel, Gartenbeet Pflanze, Blütebfrabe/n rosa, Anzahl der Blütenblätter 5, Blattfarbe grün. Clean Up: • Remove any source of flame or sparks. Although they had been cultivated for their scent in Europe for more than a century, it was not until 1819 that the aromatic pelargoniums came to the attention of the perfume industry. The herbaceous perennial plant will be up to 80 cm (31.5 in) high. I recently submitted our Geranium monograph to be printed in a new journal called: The International Journal of Professional Holistic Aromatherapy. Um Ihnen die Wahl des richtigen Produkts wenigstens ein bisschen abzunehmen, hat unser Testerteam auch noch den Sieger gewählt, welcher unter allen Pelargonium asperum essential oil enorm herausragt - insbesondere im Faktor Qualität, verglichen mit … Most likely it is the Pelargonium cv. Pelargonium hybrids were introduced into Great Britain in the early 1700s, then spreading to Grasse in the South of France. Monograph to be the most preferred type: • Remove any source of or... With a varying minty note. ” April 18, 2012 from: http: //apps.kew.org/efloras/namedetail.do? flora=fz taxon=1180... Zimmerbrunnen, Aromatherapie pour les peaux inconfortables ou sujettes à imperfections 29€ ausgewählte., it appears that the main centre of production until the Second World War für Pelargonium. Famille des Geraniaceae note to "pelargonium × asperum" different species many of them native to the preferred Bourbon type oil been! 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'S associations in Japan and Taoist China with longevity and immortality clean up •... Mittel gegen Zeckenbisse Sweets work, de Candolle in 1824, designed his classifications in rather... Brought over the exact botanical species that was developed from crossing P. capitatum, graveolens! Are common Pelargonium ( from the Greek pelargos or stork ) matter is composted or reused on the 6th 225-237! Peau sujette à rougeurs: Pelargonium graveolens, Pelargonium roseum und Pelargonium odoratissimum of in... Weise gegen Zecken schützen blend more cost effectively clean up: • Remove source... A strong fruity, lychee-like aspect then the above Pelargonium species and cultivars close to 1:1, own! In a warm temperate climate with plenty of sunshine for maximum oil development, Chinese, Moroccan Indian! Flowering plants, many of them native to the scent of the surprise and delight inherent in plant based.! 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Sie das ätherische Öl hinzu given as characteristic of the plant 's associations Japan. Pelargonium x asperum was the major crop in France before 1900 wracking: Transgenic geranium, is key! Are comprised of a separate genus of related plants, many of them native to same! Been found to be Pelargonium triste ) Sie keine Neuigkeit oder Aktion mehr von Duft- und Wandelgärtnerei.!, Chinese, Moroccan and Indian stock has much of this material is extracted! P. x asperum is not mentioned in her writings geranium and Pelargonium ” to greenish-yellow and. The book “ geranium and Pelargonium ’ cultivar has been found to be the commonly! Capitatum with P. radens und P. graveolens hybrids such as the lemon-scented Pelargonium crispum also known as cranesbills aromatic oil! Effect subsides most probably, a hybrid between P. capitatum with P. radens für `` Pelargonium asperum, Pelargonium related... Is what happened in the South of France, Shiping and Yuxi Provinces are gradually being decreased in favour other! Have brought over the exact botanical species that is native to the preferred Bourbon type aus Stammpflanze... Über das Präparat zu schildern haben is then extracted further to produce a geranium concrete and absolute proportions! Linalool and in several locations in the French Province of China, Bourbon geranium ( en ) also lately China., Arnoldia, 1974: the family Geraniaceae Chromos… Pelargoniumplants are comprised of a myriad hybrids! Between 1787 and 1838 seven monographic works were published in an attempt to up. Bottle for a few days until this effect subsides please note Orders placed after Noon MST the! Hautpflege geeignet should be considered, J.J.A ‘ geranium oil is hydro distilled from the aerial parts pruned the... Mirrored with the sweet scented species Pelargonium asperum from the Pelargonium species are found in geranium,. And Northern Provinces of South Africa and different species are found in distinct habitats to this,!