Nuts have good oil. The early stage of coconut-growth is called vara. This species of Calamus seems well adapted for the making of baskets, etc. The leaves pounded (or chewed) with the inside bark of the vakacaradavui (Tarenna sambucina), boiboida, and the bovu; are mixed with cold water, strained, and drunk as a remedy for indigestion. It is a terrestrial fern and is plentiful in the vicinity of Cagase Hill, near Kalavo, a small native village, Nokonoko district, Nadroga. Name for lauci in Nadroga. Large lianes. The oleacious seeds, as is well known, have medicinal qualities as a purgative. A favourite fruit, more fully described under its most usual name in Fijian of oleti. Also called alu, yalu, and toga. It is quite probable that this plant has been introduced, as the name seems extremely like our “tobacco.” Seemann thought it might have been brought by the Manila men, since Spaniards were the first whites who visited these islands. The old Fijians macerated quantities of leaves and then applied as a poultice; they bruised leaves in their hands in order to free the healing juices, which they added to coconut-oil and used freely, massaging the patient. Herbaceous. This shrub or tree is sometimes listed as a Tetranthara. The roots after preparation were roasted and eaten; a drink was also made therefrom which was an intoxicant. 16 Fiji plants: their names and uses, by H. B. Richenda Parham, p 81-144. The Fijians use the sap for dyeing their hair red or even orange—and probably this property in the sap could be turned to profitable use. yangona grows best in the uplands. The uppermost are smaller, and mostly glabrous and leathery, the flowers are solitary in a leathery cyme. The buds are used as a dye (yellow and orange) then called nag-kassar or nagesar. Tendrils used for drink to relieve stomach-ache. Has fruit of an agreeable tartness. It has a repute as a hair restorer, in which connection there is a legend concerning a tevora and his eye-brows. It is called aturi, in Tahiti, and is also known in Fiji as cokamana. Called also kauniyalewa. The leaves which are oblong or egg-shaped in an umbel, nine being on a common stalk, each with its own pedicile; the upper side of the leaves is green, the under side, purplish. Stipes black at base, hence its Fijian name (so contracted from loa, which means black). Probably this creeping vine is the same as the wasovivi and the wabici. This is another Fijian name for the same tree, and is also a favourite medicinal tree, as indeed all the tarawau trees are regarded with a kind of superstitious reverence by the older natives even now. Four hundred and fifty plant species are described. The leaves are several feet long, the flowers grow in rose-pink panicles. Commonly called candle-nut. George Pritchard carried it on in 1848. tree. Bulletin (Fiji. Strange to say. MLA Citation. In India it is known as olindawel, where the juice of the green leaves is taken for purifying the blood, and the root for sore throat and rheumatism. The plant grows near the sea, and in the outskirts of the woods, and comes into full flower in March. Nadroga name for vesi. This grass is found growing under bread-fruit trees. L. O. Williams mentions another species, as Geododorum pictum. Grows in most forests. The yam, as the uvi is called by settlers, is a particularly good root vegetable, whereas Samoans think most highly of breadfruit as a staple food, the Fijians are most in favour of the uvi, though taros, bananas, plantains, etc., all grow splendidly in their islands; in bygone years they fixed the months in their calendar by this favourite food. Often called wataqiri. Wright. Fijian War clubs were the most cherished weapon of the Fijian warrior. It is an interesting fact that the Casuarina nodiflora frequently grows in association with the yaka. Its use for smoking was unknown, but we gather from old records that it was very sensibly used to lessen vermin, and was called “the destroyer of lice.” During the reign of Naulivou, tobacco was used for smoking and the Fijian meke-maker composed, but did not write, the “Song of the Tobacco,” tavakoe being its name at that time, evidently taken from our tobacco. This is a most magnificent tree, and has been called by Parkins and others, Butonica splendida. The root is a powerful purgative. wasiga is the Vanua Levu name. It grows well by the sea—but is sometimes found growing with clumps of other trees (Acacias, Casuarinas, etc. Flowers have four petals; the leaves in sets of three—one set egg-shaped and long, the next serrated, or lobed. The leaves are considered to be a remedy for irritation of the skin and to sooth the sharp pain occasioned by the stings of hornets, bees, etc. Ilikimi Isa Kona Meaning wolf lover. The gum that exudes from this tree was used to caulk canoes in early days, also to glue pieces of native masi together. Enjoy a CovidSafe visit to the National Library. This is accounted a cure for indigestion. The female spadix is from 2 to 3 feet long. Seemann spelt the Fijian name, on Storck's authority as wararega. “The leaves must be chopped up very small, and then put into a bulomakou (bully-beef) tin—if no bulomakou tin, a salmon tin can be used,” he added ingenuously, “add only a little water, put it on the fire and boil. The Calamus genus grow without branches and are cylindrical, jointed, tough, and strong. It is said to be best in conjunction with other plants, i.e., ngato (Pteris crenata) and lato (Rosea chiensis). very solid, a little like those of garcinia—and a great number of stamens. A small forest tree with bright green foliage. Formerly listed as the Caladium esculentum (Hazlewood). I am fascinated when reading accounts of these explorations, and every now and then I come across an entry relating to a plant I grow today in my own garden. This is a common basket fern, (called midre when young), also known sometimes as suvi. There are a great many varieties of vudi, and of these several are introductions. The old women used to chew these. “A few things I have come to learn includes landscaping and plant multiplication methods as well as learn plant and flower names that I have not heard of before.” Mrs Cuvatoka thanked the Ministry for the initiative to enlighten women of Rewa on the importance of plants. It is useful for hasty torch-making. As a remedy for constipation the bark is scraped and boiled in water; or the leaves can be macerated and then steeped in cold water. The common blue rat-tail—now accounted as a plant-pest. It is interesting to notice that in Makatea (French Oceania) this tree is known also by the name of tuitui. It is a woman's plant as the name implies. A small tree, milky juice throughout. Another liana, tagimaucia grows along the mountainous slopes of Taveuni, one of Fiji's islands. Common in all forests. This banana was first brought to the South Pacific by John Williams, known as the Martyr of Eremanga—he brought the plant from the Duke of Devonshire's garden at Chatsworth, to the Samoan Islands, from there the Revd. Few visitors will spend time in Fiji without being offered to join a kava ceremony at least once. Most probably has been introduced from other islands. Same as masawe. The settlers called it looking-glass plant, on account of the back of the leaves looking somewhat like that of a mirror. A favourable answer having been given to his prayer, he called his wife and said, ‘When I am dead take my body; plant my head in one place, my heart and stomach in another, etc., and then wait in the house. Its Fijian name means simply poor or worthless sandalwood. By this time it was daylight; she awoke her son, and took him out. Sugarcane is another significant aspect of Fiji’s plant life, as it is the most popular of Fiji’s cultivated crops. This variety bings forth ripe cotton-bolls all the year round. A small tree—the calices are reddish, hence doubtless its distinctive botanical name. Keresi Fijian form of Grace. There are probably two species of this plant; one with narrower leaves was given the name G. augustifolium by C. Koch. Same fern as vativati and vasivasi. The fruit of this species of Barringtonia is considered poisonous. ; Melia floribundaCarrière; Melia toosendanSiebold & Zucc. The wasiga is sometimes found in Viti Levu. In the mature trees, leaves are entire and glabrous. Commonly known as the co-masi. The Fijian name means “The Creeper come down from the skies.” Known also under native names of wavere, wavulagi, walukumailagi and waverelagi, hibutelagi, and watumailagi. The uci flowers have a very penetrating perfume. This variety of breadfruit is large and seedless, with a smooth surface; the leaves have a peculiar appearance as if covered with small blisters. Another name for a species of banana, commonly called the China Banana. terminalis?) The leaves are mixed with those of the capsicum and rubbed on parts painful from rheumatism. Printer Suva  1918, Wright, C. Harold. Or naiyaro. It has a poisonous fruit, that is the outer part is poisonous, and is used to stupify fish. At Ba it is regarded as a weed in the cane-fields. The leaves are glabrous but the calyx-lobes and interior of the corolla-tube are hairy; the corolla-lobes are white but the tubes are crimson. (paniculata?) Printer Suva 1918. Astrigent qualities; same as wagodrogodro. It is of a short habit of growth, and much liked for its flavour. considerable likeness between this plant and that known by Fijians as the waganga, but the number of stamens and nerves differing, prove the latter to have been properly placed under another classical name. Leaves about 1½ inches long with arcuate nerves. Straights of Somosomo. Also uto-lolo, uto-dogo dogo and uto-dra-cobo. Formerly classed as Cuscuta Rhombut, but less often as Acatsia Valli (Rheede). It is said by old Fijians to have been the only effective medicine for that terrible scourge—the lila, which swept away so many natives in the early part of last century. There is a small variety of Freycinetia, spikes at end of branches. Lablab vulgaris (S) (Leguminoseae), Ipomoea sp. Fern-like plant in Nadroga, very similar to the senasena. Fruits in July. Uciniraurau is the name this plant is known by in Bua Province. Probably a new species, according to Kew. Also known by its native name of wavuti. denimana may be euphoniously translated as “goats' droppings,” etc. The flowers are fairly large, in loose panicles, the corolla-tube is crimson, but the lobes are white. This variety of Calanthe has a drooping habit. The banana is such a favourite fruit that it is known everywhere. This determination is teste A. C. Smith. The Fijians use the sap to dye their hair red or orange. To learn more about how to request items watch this short online video . We gather, however, from old records, that it was, very sensibly used to lessen vermin and was called the. It grows in marshy places or near water. 01 May 2011. This variety of cotton plant has yellow flowers, which later become blood red or intense pink. Leaves heart-shaped, smooth and oblong stems. Fijians think that special virtue is found in ferns that grow in red earth (talasiga). The drupe is almost three inches in diameter. Its timber is short in the grain, but dense and very durable, probably little inferior to buabua—it is, however, scarce and difficult to get out. Under the name of masawe in Bua Province this plant is used medicinally. It will suffice, therefore to note a few of the native names, just pausing to remark that the Cavendish came from Chatsworth (the Duke of Devonshire's place). It has globular seeds, leaves are alternate, corded, and with net-work veining. Name given from some rather obtuse idea that the “eye” of the fruit looks different of that of other breadfruit. It is split into 9 separate geographic island groups. A rather small tree. In order to exercise it they all kick backwards with their feet in the water and trust in this being a counter charm. Both these are ground-orchids. This sweet-scented creeper grows best in rocky places, on the outskirts of the bush. This is a medicinal fern. It is in appearance much like a willow; the leaves are dark-green above but paler beneath. Fijians also use a decotion of the leaves, and the late Dr. Brough allowed that this was useful in cases of infantile enteritis. Has pretty, small leafage, and white flowers. Also called vehiloa. The square nuts if planted in a tin make an ornamental pot-plant. Same as vutuvala. A beautiful timber tree, mostly found on hill-sides, and when the flowers are out it is a striking object, for its blossoms are a charming red. Though a usually sea-shore variety it makes it home also among the trees that are so often found in Talasiga country (dry fern-land)—such as the Acacia Richii (a phyllodinous species) the sago-palm (Cycas circinalis) and Pandanus odoratissimus. The mid-ribs and veins have recurved spines which also assist its ascent. The women have recourse to a drink made of the leaves when parturition is difficult. Is also known in Tonga and Australia. The natives of that island sometimes call it tiairi, and they use the bark to dye their nets dark brown. A small tree, the young leaves and branches are covered with soft down or hairs; the leaves are in threes, for the most part are oblong oval, with a blunt apex, but occasionally are found with acute apex. The natives of this island weave this kind of Pandanus into mats. The well-known sandalwood of commerce, now comparatively scarce. Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and other First Nations people are advised that this catalogue contains names, recordings and images of deceased people and other content that may be culturally sensitive. These have been used to tie thatch. Its sub-order is Epidendreae. This is another medicinal species of convolvulus and is described under viliawa, which see. Pinnate leaves, lanceolate, and sometimes oval, underneath hairy, glabrous with the exception of the nerves. In Vanua Levu found in mixed forest. yasi is called iliahi in Hawaii. Sometimes called Ruellia triflora. Some of the most lucrative locations for these hunters were remote villages in southern Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Samoa and Fiji, hence names such as Fijian Fire Plant. 10. Please also be aware that you may see certain words or descriptions in this catalogue which reflect the author’s attitude or that of the period in which the item was created and may now be considered offensive. They were supposed to be beneficent, but rather easily offended by rashly interfering mortals. According to some authorities the yangona (or kava) “is the most powerful sudorific in existence,” and it is said that “its stimulant qualities render it applicable in those cases in which colchicum is prescribed. Seemann calls it vaoko. It is used medicinally also for kidney and bladder-troubles—being a strong sudorific as already said. to induce placid tranquility and vague dreams; so though it is not like that fabulous narcotic which old writers eulogize “that cometh from beyond the moon,” and is “the tears of flowers, that drop when these weep,” the piper methysticum also has a certain therapeutic value; its salutary effect is extolled especially in all calculous afflictions. Also called rewa in the vernacular. Olalo, is also used in some places. This also is a saponaceous plant, often a creeping habit, but sometimes a fair-sized shrub. In Viti Levu and Somosomo Taveuni, often used as a pot-herb. Also known under the name of votu. This medicine is said to be quite as efficacious as Epsom salts when well prepared. The leaves are cordate. It is often used to relieve toothache. The Fijians value this shrub, as they think the bark, scraped and boiled makes a curative eye-wash. Fijians make plasters of the leaves to prevent anthrax. They beheld a large and handsome tree, clothed with broad shining leaves, and loaded with breadfruit. The name of a shrub, the leaves of which are used for straining yagona. Same as wasalasala. Ixora Amplexicaulis (Rubiaceae) H;B.R.P. Same as the vasili-dina and masawe. TAITO m Fijian, Samoan, Rotuman A Polynesian/Melanesian version of Titus. Also called vakeke, which see. It is a small tree, when young the flowers, etc., are hirsute, later on the twigs, etc, become glabrous. Often seen uear Dacrydium elatum. The root and extreme base are the parts used for the well-known drink. Gray, Pharbitis (Ipomoea) insularis (Convolvulaceae). Also called uto-sasaloa, uto-vakasorena and uto-sore. A common herbaceous plant on the sides of roads and in waste places. Flowers are small, their buds not much bigger than peas—but when fully open are fully half an inch diameter. Generally found in richer soil than the nokonoko thrives in. The leaves clustered at end of branches. Cotton according to Mr. Hazlewood was in his time known by this name, which was also the Fijian name for a species of hibiscus. Also called aisoosoo, mari, or waini. A handsome fern with black stipes—grows well under trees, in fairly open bush. The wood of vetao is close-grained and useful. In India this tree is called maqul-karanda, and the juice of the roots is used for sores, also for cleaning the teeth and hardening the gums. The natives speak of this species as yabia. The tough fibre of this papilionaceous creeper is used for fishing-nets, the floats of which are the square fruits of the vuturakaraka (Barringtonia speciosa). The leaves being bullate gives the tree a sickly look. 10. Often called also the draunimalaka or the draubabasaga. The bark contains tannin, and it is sometimes used for cases, butterboxes. At one time used for straining yagona. The vesivesi is found in Kadavu. Rattan. ; it is frequently used, evidently on account of some fancied resemblance to the excreta from birds, animals, etc., e.g., deniosi (osi, a word coined when horses were first introduced in Bua). They also make an excellent pudding when cooked properly. Australian/Harvard Citation. The leaves cordate, green and somewhat tinged with purple. The dry forest region contains a high percantage of endemism, with 33% of its native species being endemic to the region. Inflorescenses are lateral and terminal; flowers creamy-white and salver-shaped. Twyford and A.C.S. From Somosomo. The minute flowers are hermaphrodite and the calyces are persistent. Read more... Wright, C. Harold. It is about 12 feet high, leaves are egg-shaped or oblong, corolla urn-shaped, the petals are fleshy, the three outer ones lanceolate; seeds dark brown. Leaves pointed oval, inflorescence composite cymes, five-petalled corollas of bluish-white colour, five-toothed calyxes, sulphur-coloured drupes of a globose shape. In favour for its medicinal properties for the Fijians say that a drink made of the bark, etc. The latter is a vine and climber. There are groves of the varawa in the interior, among the forest swamps. This tree, called vuga in Viti Levu, is conspicuous for its scarlet flowers. It is sometimes called masawe, and at other qui. Also known as wakabo. This fern is mentioned by Hazelwood, under the name of vulukaka. From the bark and root a powerful purgative is obtained. Sometimes called mavuka, buka, or colulu. They are very good pickled. The flowers are of a pale-purple hue, and much used by the natives for coughs and colds. This is a true sarsaparilla and is by the natives called kadragi, warusi and nakauwa. The gourd-like fruit were also used as containers for scented coconut-oil. A list of Fijian plant names / by C. Harold Wright Govt. The calyx is like a deep sup or chalice. Known also as ravulevu. The creeping lygodium is much used by the natives for personal adornment. A shrub which bears a fairly acidulated fruit—of a pretty yellow-apricot colour. Selai Sereana Meaning song. Vaundrainisinga. Sandalwood certainly holds the pride of place as a favourite perfume among the many sweet-scented woods and flowers of the Fijian veikau (or bush). Like all vutu trees is very fascinating, and has gained the appelation of “tears of the night,” from the natives, probably because it drops its blossoms into rivers in the darkness. Its native name shows it to have been one of the sacred plants of old Viti, veli being the word used for the spirits dwelling in the forest. Sometimes called vutuniwai. This was evidently an early variety, and grew in Rewa and Ovalau. Same as wagodrogodro, wavuka, wahoni, etc. As yaka grows best in rich soil, nts presence speaks well for the ground in which it flourishes. Fijian mothers use the leaves of this strongly-smelling bush, by soaking them in cold water, to increase the flow of milk from their breasts. Pronunciation : case sensitive: see the pronunciation key for a guide on how to write the sounds; sounds can only be searched in names that have been assigned pronunciations * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation example: *lee matches names which end with the sound lee _ is a wildcard that will match exactly one letter in the pronunciation This Fijian name is given also to the following tree. When cold this water was freely used to sponge or scour the tongue. In many South Sea islands forms an important addition to food-products. Tagimaucia (Medinilla waterhousei) is Fiji's national flower; it's also endangered in Fiji. This variety seemed to be in favour for lining food baskets. Dina, of course, signifies true, and this variety was for a long time considered to be the original Fiji-grown breadfruit. Medium sized tree—30 to 40 feet. This tree has an edible seed, which has been called the Fijian-almond, although Seemann rightly says, “it has only the shape and whiteness, but not the flavour, of the almond.” He adds, “the natives are very fond of the tavola as an ornamental tree, and frequently plant it near their houses and around their public bulidings.” It is of interest to note that lalis (native drums) are often made of the timber of the tavola—indeed its timber is said to make the best-sounding lalis. It has been grown in Fiji. Also uto-maliva, uto-sasaloa and uto-vakasorena. Another name for the candle-nut—see sekeci and lauci. The wood is tough, tree about 40 feet. Same as via-gaga. Leaves used as a tonic and blood-purifier, also taken for indigestion, nervousness, and dysentry, especially in India, where it is called hien-gotu-kola. The flowers grow in a graceful raceme, and are perfumed at night. It grows freely in the north of Viti Levu, at the back of mangrove swamps, and beside streams in the Sigatoka valley. Found in the Navua, Namosi forests. Sub-order Musaceae) (Scitamineae), Musa Chinensis or M. Cavendisii (Scitamineae), Blechnum or Lomaria sp. The word is also used in reference to the plant itself and its derivatives. Added to its charms is the delicious odour it exhales. In India this plant is called the kumburuwel, and the Hindus use the tender leaves for toothache; it is also given for worms in children. See also tavoke and tavoko. Called also dredre (laughing-water). Much valued as a timber-tree, especially by the Fijians for making lalis, a species of drum, still in use in many places, as a call to Christian worship, or to send messages to a distance the sound of a lali when beaten was to be heard for miles. Other common species include the Mallotus tiliifolous, a small deciduous tree with hairy leaves and spiny fruit and the Indian-beech with its aromatic flowers and medicinal bark and roots. Bua. One variety is supposed to be poisonous. For this reason, it seems probable that they may represent the parent stock. Its introduction, according to Seemann has lessened the danger of famine. Happily the intoxication it produces is not like that caused by spirituous liquors; those who drink it do not become quarrelsome, on the contrary its imbibition is said. Via-sori is just another name for this species of Alocasias, and dranu is another. Guppy gives the name of vere to different plants, viz., the Smythea pacifica, and the Columbrina asiatica. It is a pretty shade of pinkish-mauve. This middle-sized tree has very soft wood. Its leaves are glabrous, and of considerable length. This was certainly introduced, but is now very freely grown for exportation. Sources The IUCN Red List of Endangered Species. These leaves of these plants are more or less looked upon as able to work a charm on the fish. Probably introduced from India where this kind of ratten is much used for wicker-work, seats of chairs, walking sticks, withes, and thongs. Like other littoral growths it is found also in America, Asia, and Australia. Some Fijian War clubs were for fighting in the jungle while others for grasslands. Kawakawa (Piper excelsum) plant, known also as "Maori kava", may be confused with kava. It is also known as vuturakaraka, which see. I am indebted to Mr. W.L.P. Found growing on trees and climbing over bushes all over the Fijian group. Department of Agriculture. Request this item to view in the Library's reading rooms using your library card. Grows in forests on limestone. This same species is found also commonly in both China and the East Indies. Also called wahalahala. Another name for tubua; also vuka and wavuwavu, which see. Sometimes called the “false yagona,” also the Honolulu yangona. The mucuna has umbels of fine greenish flowers, and grows well in the bush. After a while, she heard a leaf fall; then the large scale of the flowers; then a small unripe, and afterwards one full-grown and ripe fruit. Its leaves are fully palmate. No. Also wavulevu and tubua, and conipaoalangi is another name, which only means “the foreigner's grass.” The leaves have been much esteemed by the Fijians for the cure of cika, or ophthalmia, and other eye-trobles. Though this tree grows to a goodly size, its timber is worthless, being soft and not durable. This tree has a very smooth trunk, and does not give foothold to any plant or parasite or epiphite habits. Fruit small but good; indeed the natives consider it to be a very good variety of breadfruit; known by the leaves, which are smooth. Fijians take the tendrils, and infuse in cold water as a cure for stomach-ache and pains in the intestines. This fern has a creeping rhizome and climbing fronds. Another name for the uvi or yam, of which there are many varieties and more names. A yellow flower growing in Colo West. Called also vasivasi, Bua Province. The first named grows freely near Na-muaimuai-koro (village) in Conua district, Colo West province. A small glabrous tree which climbs by its branches—leaves very chartaceous, axilliary inflorescence, found on the slopes of Voma Mountain. It is a very beautiful orchid with white outer petals, inside a brown shade of purple. This is a common kind and has pinnafied leaves, and when fully ripe is free of prickles, it is larger than the uto dina. Also called wavuka, etc. The wood is used for building. This is the name in Colo West of a fern that grows in many places. Bark fissured and scaly. Often called O Votu. It is called the na tivi in Bua. The fruit of this Raspberry is eaten by Fijians, and was in early days made into puddings and pies by white settlers. Sandalwood. Another name for the “holy fern,” wa-kalou. Leaves of all these must be well pounded and boiled in water. The Coconut Palms provide Fiji with one of its most versatile manufacturing resource – coconut oil – and are believed to have self seeded on the islands. It goes by the name of ra in both Samoa and Tahiti. Shrub. Supplement to the Journal of the Polynesian Society. The young fronds are eaten by the natives. (To pinch or press—vasakinikini). This is probably correct as Belladonna belongs to the same family. It is used for the keels of cutters as well as for many other purposes.”. The flowers are white, and lose their petals almost as soon as the buds open. This exquisite colour changes about noon, taking on then a purplish tint; by eventide it becomes a mauve-violet and fades away; the 3-lobed calyces are persistent. Same as walai, etc. It has also the native names of lauci, sekeci, etc. They weave the racemed blossoms into salus and also use it to scent the coconut-oil which they use so extensively on their person. It is often listed by botanists as Curcas purgans. The roots are macerated as a cure for tooth-ache. wainimate (medicine) used by Fijian women, though of questionable value. Very long leaves, fruit also large. Reddish-green leaves. A small tree, thrives in under-wood, especially in Colo West. This fern is very commonly found in the bush, and is distinguishable on account of the blackness of its stems. The many species of this order are all used as food, and have a great number of names, though generally referred to by the generis name of kaile. The Fijians like to chew the masawe or use it to sweeten their puddings, but they did not know the Hawaiian method of making intoxicating drink from the root. “The dance of the mist”; medicinal value; drink made of leaves, to reduce fever; also a sedative. In India the tuberous root is used as a purgative, and the plant known as trastawalu. Morrison, C. and Nawadra, S. Sometimes called uto-kogo; also uqo and qoqo. Found in Koronisau district, Colo West. This is a species of kauvula that is indigenous in Vanua Levu. 2009. The Fijians give the same name in the vernacular to many differing species. There are two species of “lemon grass,” Seemann calls these respectively the Andeopogon refractus and A. acidulatus, but the usual name is as given above. Coriaceous leaves with recurved margin, flowers with three stamens. The leaves are heart-shaped with a sharp apex. Vasili-qui, another of the Fijian names for Cordyline terminalis in the Sandwich Islands known as ki. 10. This drink (more correctly called yaqona, and colloquially called 'grog') is made from an infusion of powdered roots from Piper methysticum, a type of pepper plant. Also called uto-sawesawe. It is said that this plant has therapeutic qualities, and that the leaves, well chewed, or the juice otherwise extracted, and applied to wounds, take the place of iodine and will cure both coral-cuts and the wounds made by a rusty nail, fishbone, scratches, etc., as well as other troubles, and with as good results. The Kai Viti use this variety of cordyline for fences or hedges. Totodra leaves are also said to cure diarrhoea—but for that fell disease, they add those of the dawa-sere. Wright, C. Harold. With the Fijians the tavola was admired on account of its horizontal branches, and the beautiful changing colours of its leaves. Th … This is a list of islands of Fiji. It has a urn-shaped calyx, and there is an agglomeration of flowers, sometimes in a panicle. wagawa, as the original inhabitants called this species, meaning that is was a climbing kawa (or yagona). This tree is probably the same as the bausomi, which see. Commonly found on the sea-front. A strong vine with stiff wiry stems. (Sub-order Polypodium) (Filices), Cassytha filiformis or nodosa (Lauraceae), Goncophlebrium subauriculatum (genus of the Polypodium sub-order) (Filices), Cupania rhoifolia (Sapindaceae) Ratoma falcata, Koeleutaria sp. This species of tacca grows best on hill-sides and in heavy soil. Hibiscus (Paritium) tricuspus (Malvaceae), Samanea saman (Leguminoseae) or (Pithecolobium saman), Barringtonia edulis Sub-order Lecithydaceae (Myrtaceae), Dianella ensifolia (Liliaceae) E. B. H. Brown calls it D. intermedia, Spathaglottis pacifica and Linpodorum unquieculatum (Orchidaceae), Angiosperma Monocotyledoneae (Pandanaceae) Pandanus Thurstoni, Polypodium sp. In Fijian, the name of the Noni plant is Kura. Vere means a tangle—hence a straggling vine. plant. See above. The flowers are in racemes, on short peduncles, and grow in the axils of the leaves. This plant has a variety of names, both in the vernacular and given by the settlers, who have known it elsewhere, e.g., bandikai, gombo, and ochro, West Indian names, and in Fiji it is often called bele. To make it fit for food, the Fijians first bake and then grate it. The root and bark are used for rheumatic pains. Another name for mulomulo, according to Wright in Bulletin No. Common in forest in dry zone. Used by Kai Viti to poison fish (i.e., to stupify them); juice said to be very injurious to eyes, if squirted into them by any means. In this connection it is interesting to remember that the Fijian word uto means heart, and uto is what the breadfruit is usually called. This is the true banana, according to native diction, for dina means true. Also known by saw-millers as bausomi (Burckella Thurstoni). It grows commonly on the coasts. Stamens ten, drupes are black and shining. Miss Isabella Sinclair (Hawaii) says the natives there call it pilikai and think highly of the seeds, for medicine. The Fijians boil the root in water and take as a tonic for debility. A species of Chinchonaceae. Sea-beach, very showy flowers and large leaves. Uto-dogo-dogo, seedless; uto-dra-cobo, also seedless. David L. Barnes – Fiji-based half of the team is an App Developer, Fiji Guide Web Designer, Fiji Events Guide. In India the juice from the leaves of the Musa sapientum is taken as an antidote to snake-poison. To add to its efficacy the mixture was put in a banana-leaf and placed on the top of a stove or in a hot oven and then rubbed on while still warm for sprains and swellings; double handfuls of leaves chopped (or better still chewed) were boiled in a quart of sea-water; when reduced to a pint the residue was taken internally. This Pittosporum is so called because the natives say it is the mother (tinana) of the cevua trees (Vaveae sp.). Grows in the flat lands; it is a small shrub, with sweet flowers. The totodra has leaves very like those of the violet, and very small pinkish flowers. It is a Calamus, and is a very sturdy plant, climbing to the tops of the highest trees. This may be the same shrub—by proving attractive to mosquitoes it was fairly reasonable to expect that the native houses (bure) would be proportionately free from these pests of the night. This interesting tree is also known under the names of sekeci, tuitui, and qeroqero, and of course is known to Europeans as the candle-nut tree. It has short roots, ample leaves, sesquipedale, and white flowers pedicels and bracts, the lip is divided in three sharply cut lobes. The lower leaves are very large; the flowers are in umbels and the berry is black and contains three seeds. Flowers solitary. walili is a very graceful creeper, flowering from December to March. This tree is often 60 feet high. A tree growing in bushland—and outskirts of forests. Root large and sweet, baked and eaten, and used to sweeten vakalolo (native pudding). Probably K. paniculata, Dacrydium lycopodoides (Spermatophyta) (Gymnospermae) (Taxaceae), Cordyline sp. This wonderful vine has also proved a God-send in times of drought, as there is much moisture stored in its long sinuous lianes; these give a welcome and refreshing drink, and are at the same time of value as a stimulating tonic. Our summer opening hours will be in place from Thursday 24 December 2020 until Saturday 2 January 2021. Fijians prefer their own home-made saluka cigarettes to smoking a pipe. Often called the Ipomoea Bona-nox, having gained the name because it blossoms at night, and makes the darkness fragrant with the perfume of its white flowers, which are very alluring to night moths, etc., and are a most attractive sight in the darkness. A tall tree, leaves smooth and shining in old trees. Oblong fruit. A creeping species of pepper, called also ngaunganga. Often found near the sea in Fiji. The upper parts of the leaves is glabrous, whereas the under parts are downy, with strongly marked veining. It is a kind of dodder, and is much valued by the Kai Viti as a medicinal plant. vaudradra must not be confused with vaudra, which is the Hibiscus tricuspis. Pumpkin. This is not indigenous, but was introduced, a long time ago, and is now quite acclimatized. There is another wild yangona, sometimes called the Honolulu yagona, which is considered entitled to this classical name. According to Seemann it is indigenous, he said that “while in Taviuni we used the beans of this plant as a vegetable.” He gives dralawa as its Fijian name. This species of Algeae, grows profusely on the sand-flats, and is the natural food of turtles. As this belongs to the same family and order it is not surprising that there should be a likeness. This species is of erect growth and sometimes is between 30 and 40 feet in height. Separate indexes to plant species and Fijian names are provided, as well as a glossary of medicinal and botanical terms. In some parts it is called mangele, and strange to say the mulomulo, though quite a different tree and with different medicinal virtues, is sometimes known as wiriwiri; yet another instance of the double-banking of Fijian names. A slender shrub. 1918,  A list of Fijian plant names / by C. Harold Wright  Govt. Also called by some natives ravulevu. Slash red. Has almost become indigenous, but was introduced, probably more than a hundred years ago, and is now known as Fiji-cotton. It is known commonly to Europeans as the dodder. The natives also say the bark, boiled together with the leaves, makes a very useful medicinal drink. Sometimes spelt vulukaka. Drink this, and all the pains in head, arms, legs or body, will go!”. Also known as koka by the natives. A kind of mangrove. The same as evuevu. Smith says he found this tree in Vanua Levu and that it was about 60 feet in height. Vere and verevere are the Fijian words to describe a struggling tangled bush-plant, as for instance the Columbrina asiatica, See below. These are the Bau and Rewa name for a seedless species with a roundish fruit, and rough surface to leaves. A beautiful lily, growing freely on the sea-coast of the larger islands. This is essentially a woman's medicine. Another name for duruka. The Cordyline sp. It resembles greatly that of the Areca catechu. Same as via-gaga, etc. gogo means weak. Sometimes suringu and gordeoody. A drink is made from the juice of the flowers to cause abortion—a secret medicine. Sometimes listed as Stenochloena palustris—it grows well near a lake at Tonure, Colo West. In Nadroga it is the Dryopteris which is called both uvihabitu and digi-waruwaru, and is in favour for supposed medicinal virtue. In Fiji a drink is made from the leaves together with those of the yalu; the bark is said to have valuable anti-syphilitic properties. The stems can easily be divested of the leaf-sheaths, by steeping in water for a time and then putting them in strong sunshine. The petals are white and so are the long silky stamens. This is a peculiarly interesting tree to have been found in Fiji, for the genus was not previously known outside China and Formosa (Kew). In the New Testament the town of Bethany is the home of Lazarus and his sisters Mary and Martha. Found in Nadroga province. The natunu is called kenikeni in parts of Bua. Banana with fish-like fruit, according to native ideas. This plant is also known as sacasaca. Forty feet in height, fruit are ellipsoid, yellowish or yellow red when fully ripe. See vetao. Probably the A. gibberosa, as that fern formerly used by the natives to strain their yangona through. Interest in this cure for scabies, etc., has been aroused in countries as far afield as Russia. As it is very mucilaginous it makes a good addition to soup. The tikula is often called the red-cordyline, and is largely cultivated in gardens on account of its very ornamental appearance. A pretty little shrub, some ten or twelve feet in height—inflorescences terminal, many flowers, fruit red and globose. Probably named qio, because of the roughness of the skin, like that of a shark. This species of Ixora grows in Vanua Levu, in dense thickets and on the sides of hills as high even as three or four thousand feet; but it also thrives in lower altitudes. It seems to be a dwarfed variety of wamuidre, with creeping rhizomes, and a habit of climbing on trees. Grows near creeks and rivers—loves damp places. Also balawa. There are many varieties of breadfruit, and these vary considerably in shape of leaves, flavour of the fruit, and its size and form. Another species of this order the Luffa insularum, has been often called luffa, as if that were the Fijian name; there is some doubt on that question. This is a medicinal plant. Red and yellow berries. It is known as kauloa in Vanua Levu, and it is like warerega (Carruthersia scandens), which is medicinal. Colo West name. This species of Solanum is nearer akin to the tomato. There are six stamens, inserted in the tubes. This shrub is of. One day he said to the wife, ‘I pity our son; he is weak and unable to eat the red earth. It flowers in March. Onion. The Nadroga people were partly Tongans and brought with them many ideas from their old home where the vehi trees were sacred, and is often mentioned in their legends, as it also is in the Fijian. This compound is considered very useful for ear-ache and head-ache, but they add advice as well as water; the sufferer must on no account eat crabs or any food that turns red when boiled, neither must he partake of octopus, or the cure will not work. The corollas are white and campanulate, the leaves glabrous and the capsules are also glabrous inside as well as the seeds. All these four varieties yield plenty of ripe, and therefore productive seeds. While this does not generally appeal to Europeans, the Fijians are passionately fond of the smell, which is of an abiding nature. Should a Fijian get a fish-bone in his throat, totodra tea will dislodge it! Its flowers are white and crimson. A climber often seen in dry forests—used in making mats, baskets and cordage. It is covered with prickles, and the fruit is oblong. The roots are eaten like other root vegetables or the farina is carefully washed out and prepared. In the latter case it is customary to add the juice extracted from bulibulisewaro (Hoya bicarinata). They use kaunisiga for the same thing and for cure of abscesses. Coast spear-banana, in reference to the way the unopened fronds erect themselves. It always grows in swamp-land and is of a gigantic size. This is a more or less tangled bush, and verevere meaning tangled; this perhaps accounts for the reason so many bushes and plants of different orders are called by natives by this name. Or sai. A medicine according to the Kai Viti. Also called viavia, which see. This small tree is also known as the qoliqoli, and like the duva it is used in stupefying fish. Maesa persicaefolia according to Dr. Merrill. The wood of this tree is close grained and a useful timber. This species grows wild in woods, and is often used for hedges and attains the height of from twelve to fourteen feet. Also called dabici. There is a slight resemblance to the tamarind tree, which also grows and fruits well here. This shrub is said to make a very good wind-screen. A creeper growing in the light bush, it has very attractive orange-coloured fruit. As noted by the Kava Society of New Zealand, "in all likelihood, the kava plant was known to the first … White daisy-like flower, corolla lingulate; an erect herb. Grows as a shrub or bush. This climbing plant belongs to the same genus as the kura (Noni) and grows well on the Macuata coast of Vanua Levu. A tree about twenty feet high. The native name for the well-known onion of commerce. The Fijian name means “creeping round nuts.” This handsome plant has white and yellow flowers, growing close to the ground, almost hidden by the very large and numerous orchid-like parallel-veined leaves, often indeed they are overlooked and undescribed. Pritchard gave parau-teruore as the Tahitian name—the fibre could be used for cordage. θανία (Bethania) in Greek, which is probably of Aramaic or Hebrew origin, possibly meaning "house of affliction" or "house of figs". This small tree grows well in Bua Province. Once seen floating on a river in the early morning these lovely balls can never be forgotten. The leaves are quite a foot long, and more leathery than the other vutus. bangara gaddi. Its name means acrid-via, while via-gaga is equivalent to poisonous-via. Has a purple (or deep mauve) corolla, and is often listed as Ipomoea paniculata. votuki is the Deuba name, for the dalo, or taro. Timber hard, heavy and very brittle. Same as wagodrogodro and wavotovotoa. This is according to A. C. Smith—but usually wakalou is the name given, to the Lygodium scandens. When the nuts are opened, very frequently they contain a soft spongy substance known as vara. Sometimes it goes by the name of vesivesi. See also vao, and vavakana. Sometimes termed Cerbera parviflora by Botanists. Also known as lawere. Web. Among the natives it has a reputation for medicinal virtues, and is a favourite cure for indigestion, etc. The native name gives the idea of soothing sleep. Papaw. Grows well in fairly moist ground. Department of Agriculture. For injuries to the eyes caused by either a stick or when pushing through gasau grass, the Fijian prescription is very simple, it is in-elegantly expressed thus: “Chew the leaf and spit it into the eye of the sufferer.” Tavolavo is also called yaro. Possibly this species might be used in a similar way in Red Cross work now as it is soft enough and Fijians stuff pillows with it. There is also a bush which is said to attract mosquitoes and so free people from their undesirable attentions. The calyx, corolla, etc., are mauve and white. Often known in the Pacific as the kava or avaava. Printer Suva. A shrub. Lelea Lilieta Litia Fijian form of Lydia. The red seeds, however, contain a virulent poisoning matter. It is a climbing herbaceous plant, male flowers in racemes, female flowers single. The Diversity of Plant Species in Fiji. This plant grows on the famous Navakasiga rock, otherwise known as Black rock, in the Bua province. A beautiful tree, with pretty feathery foliage. The flower spikes are a very fair substitute for cauliflower, if cooked and served in a similar way. Bua. Bananas are the other mainstay export item in Fiji. This tree has bright red flowers and is possibly the Ixora coronata of A. C. Smith. This is what in N.Z. Possibly it is the same as the veluve (Asplenium nidus.). This is a shrub or small tree, with feathery leaves. Called also doiniwau. Found in Bua forest. The wase is often to be seen near the coast, frequently growing as shrubs, but sometimes as small trees 15 to 20 feet high. Fijian (Na vosa vaka-Viti) is an Austronesian language of the Malayo-Polynesian family spoken by some 350,000–450,000 ethnic Fijians as a native language. It grows best in sandy soil, near the sea. Tubular corollas with five stamens, and ellipsodal drupes. The root is tuberous and very large, when baked on heated stones it tastes like stick-liquorice. The flowers are pale yellow and generally six-merous, the tube is slightly hairy inside. Check our summer opening hours before planning your visit. Gillespie gives the Fijian names as lera or sa-lera. 33 Fiji Name Botanical Name Authority kascakula . Often met with in mixed forest. The flowers are chrome-yellow in colour. A list of submitted names in which the usage is Fijian. They add, if obtainable, leaves of the rorogo (Commelyna Pacifica). Seed flat, round, and polished. On this account the natives love to chew them. Seeds when dry are coriaceous. Very finely pinnate fronds, very graceful. Vehi is similar to the Tongan name fehi for this tree. It has many points of resemblance to the yagoyagona, but the differences are sufficient to cause it to be regarded as belonging to another species. The veli seem to have had much the same mythological importance as the pixies and dryads of old British fairy tales. It is used by the natives in Colo West as a medicine. Polynesian and Melanesian usage of the name came about with the introduction of the bible by white missionaries during the 1700's and 1800's. In Bua the juice of the leaves is used to relieve pain or irritation in the eyes. will cure both rheumatism and kidney-trouble, as well as being a good medicine for children troubled with either aptha or croup. Flowers white-petaled growing in the axils of the straggling panicles, calyx five lobed. The leaves were formerly in request on account of their soapy nature. Also called totoyava. The leaves of this convolvulus are said to cure pains in head and ears, if chewed, put to steep in water and the liquid drunk. They are supposed to be the plantains of the veli—or spirits of the veikau (forests) and the Fijians say some evil will overtake anyone who so much as touches them—to cut or remove them is to risk worse calamities. Bulletin No. The drupe is two-celled and green in colour. From the number of seeds which the Doctor has lately procured from different parts of the globe, and his scientific and solicious care in their cultivation, we are induced to hope that Medical Botany, under such auspices will eventually receive considerable illustration. A few planks of this wood have stood hard wear in King's wharf, Suva. It is a very huge species of Alocasia, and is sometimes twelve feet high. This kind of Hibiscus grows on dry ground, and is to be seen almost anywhere in these islands. Both this species and the very similar wabitubitu, are very worthy of a place in our gardens, as these vines would look well on pergolas, as it is a plant of great beauty. Echinochloa stagnina (Poaceae) Panicum stagninumRetz. This ground-orchid, which is also called senivaravara by the Fijians, is (according to L. O. Williams, Harvard University, Mass.) Timber is of a greyish colour. It is not, how-, ever, a wild plant, but has been cultivated throughout the islands for many years. Found in Sigatoka River valley, said to be useful for cure or easement of lumbago. This plant has long, round leaves—almost cylindrical; the flowers in cymes or umbels, and black seeds; was given the botanical name of Lazuriaga cymosa by R. Brown—wadukua, is a synonym for “dammara creeper” and is so called because the leaves of this creeping plant are similar to those of the Dammara Vitiensis. 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The larger islands firm green leaves, makes a soap-like lather prevalent disease them!